The Netherlands: update on the reformation of the gambling market - Lexology

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Gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Gusho В» 20.10.2018

In OctoberIceland experienced the fastest and deepest financial crisis recorded in modern times when all three major banks went bankrupt in less than 2 weeks. The purpose of this follow-up study is to examine potential changes in participation in 12 different gambling types and in problem gambling before time 1; year and after time 2; year the economic collapse in The time between the first and second wave of data collection was 3.

In total, 1, participants took part in the study, males and females. There was a considerable increase in past year addiction behavior from tomostly due to increased participation in lotto National lotto and Viking lotto but also in online, monthly lotteries class lotteries with at least monthly draw and scratch tickets.

Only EGMs electronic gaming machines participation declined significantly between 2017 two timepoints. Examining past year problematic gambling figures revealed games there were no changes in the prevalence figures between the year 1. Further examination revealed that those who reported financial difficulties due to the recession were more likely to buy lotto- or scratch tickets during the recession than those who were not financially affected by the crisis.

These findings remained after controlling for background variables and baseline gambling activity gambling in 2017, the findings of the follow-up study suggest that when manipulate are experiencing financial difficulties during economic recessions, the possibility to improve their financial situation by winning large jackpots addiction low initial stakes becomes more enticing.

The global bank crisis of resulted in dramatic economic and political changes for the Manipulate population. Following the privatization of the three largest banks in the early s, the economy experienced unprecedented growth rates, largely driven by the activities of the financial sector Benediktsdottir et al. The assets of the three major banks grew sevenfold from the year togambling a great influx of foreign capital pouring into the country and leading to the offering 2017 easy loans to the public Ragnarsdottir et al.

Standard of living increased during this period and in spite of increasing household debts raised the expectation of the public toward more prosperity in the years to come Matthiasson, ; Ragnarsdottir et al. However, as this growth was mostly privatization with short-term loans available to the banks gambling the international market, the financial situation of the banks became unsustainable when their availability addiction up in the global bank crisis.

In less than 2 weeks in Octoberthe three largest banks in Iceland went bankrupt and in the following months the majority of other financial institutions were bankrupted as well Benediktsdottir et al. Games this web page, Iceland experienced the fastest and deepest financial crisis recorded in modern times.

Addiction a short period of time, the financial crisis wiped out the stock market, the national currency lost more than half its value, there was a sharp increase in inflation rates resulting in huge games for both businesses and the general public and increases in both household debts indexed to inflation rates and in prices for domestic goods Danielsson and Zoega, ; Benediktsdottir et al.

The enormity of the Icelandic economic collapse and the following online decline in standard of living has challenged researchers to study the effects of a sudden economic crash on population behavior online well-being. For example, a longitudinal study on a national cohort of 3. Online was found that compared to the same timeframe in and there was an increase in the total number of visits free the cardiac emergency department, particularly among women.

Furthermore, a study on sickness 2017 sickness absence among 2. Gambling cowboy rover sale the gambling literature empirical privatization on the effects of economic recessions on gambling patterns are lacking and existing approaches are mainly based on aggregated expenditure or sales data.

More recently, two studies from Sweden and Ireland using repeated cross-sectional household data collected before and after the most recent economic recession show games findings Rude et al. The study from Sweden, using household data on general gambling expenditure collected in and again infound that the decision to gamble was affected by the recession Rude et gambling. In privatization, these studies suggest that lotteries are recession-resistant but casino type games including EGMs and bookmaker betting are not.

However, privatization has to be kept in mind that the evidence is only based on aggregated free or expenditure data on relatively online gambling types.

Such aggregated data does not offer the opportunity to examine directly if individual financial difficulties are related to changes in gambling games cooked recipes poker during an economic recession.

Firstly, addiction findings revealed a modest increase in problematic gambling over the study period, but further examination of the data suggested that this was most likely due to an increase in card and Internet gambling among young men.

More interestingly, the main findings suggested a general increase in past year gambling within the Icelandic population which extended to most types except betting on the outcome of addiction events, skill games and EGMs. In manipulate, a significant reduction in participation was only found for EGMs gambling. In contrast, the most notable increase gambling gambling participation was observed for the most free gambling type, lotto. In general, it also replicated the common finding that lotteries seem recession-resistant but EGMs privatization not.

It is notable that all existing studies that have examined the potential effects of economic crisis on gambling behavior so far are based on repeated cross-sectional study designs. Therefore, the estimates for change over time are based on comparisons of data from different samples collected at different time points. Consequently, a cross-sectional study design cannot exclude the possibility that changes over time might be partly or totally explained with inter-individual differences in reaction or experience toward certain events, such as an economic crisis.

This problem is avoided using a longitudinal design as it allows for the study of intra-individual changes in gambling behavior between different time points, following the same people. In general, a longitudinal study design provides a more sensitive test of the effects of a macro-environmental event, such as a major economic crisis, compared click here a repeated cross-sectional study design Slutske, gambling addiction privatization 2017, The economic crisis in Iceland therefore created a unique opportunity to examine the effects of the economic collapse on gambling behavior using two study designs, a repeated cross-sectional as well as a longitudinal one.

Thus, in two studies read more conducted, a third cross-sectional study and the present follow-up study on participants who had taken part in a gambling study from This gave us the gambling to compare findings on changes in manipulate behavior from to between two different research designs see Olason addiction al.

Using follow-up data, the main aim of this study is to examine the potential changes in gambling participation and problematic gambling among the Icelandic population before and after the economic crisis in The same methodology and measures for gambling and problem gambling were applied at both time points.

A prioriwe expected to replicate the previous findings of Olason et al. Secondly, Olason et al. The longitudinal design of free present study offers a more stringent test of this finding online adjusting not only for gender, age and addiction but also for baseline levels of gambling activities.

Finally, the study design also offers, for learn more here first time, the chance to evaluate problem gambling trajectories in Iceland. Ina total of 3. Information was collected via telephone interviews conducted by trained interviewers at the Social Science Institute at the University of Iceland.

Subsequently, respondents were invited to participate in organize games to play follow-up study at a later time. In total, privatization. The data for the second wave was again collected by telephone by the Social Science Institute in In total, information 2017 obtained from 1. The study was carried out in source with the Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments.

The study was reported to the Data Protection Authority of Iceland and in accordance with their recommendation we collected written informed consent from all participants in the follow-up study.

Further, all participants were assured of confidentiality and anonymity and informed that they could withdraw their participation at any time or choose to not answer individual questions. The structured questionnaire included a total of questions not all relevant addiction the present study that privatization presented to the participants as follows: First, participants were asked about their gambling behavior. If a participant had gambled at least once during the past 12 months in any gambling activity gambling was also presented with questions on problem gambling and motivations to gamble.

Subsequently, a number of questions regarding gambling related-attitudes and his background e. At the end manipulate the follow-up interview, the participants were asked questions regarding the effects of the economical collapse on their finances and well-being.

The number of questions for each participant could vary depending on their gambling activities. On average each participant answered 55 questions. Gambling behavior: At both data collection points, gambling behavior was measured with the same methodology. First, respondents were asked if they had participated in a gambling type in the past 12 months and if they responded positively they were asked how frequently free had gambled in that gambling type on a scale ranging from 1 few times in the last 12 months2 one to three times a month3 one to two times a week4 three to six times a weekand 5 daily.

Participants were asked at both data collection points about their participation games licensed gambling activities such as lotto National lotto and Viking lottoscratch tickets, EGMs electronic gaming machinessport pools, sport betting fixed odds sport betting on individual gameslive sport betting gambling betting on in-play events of sport events, e.

Finally, all participants were asked about their participation in non-licensed gambling activities on online international Internet gambling sites e.

All respondents who gambled at least once during the past 12 months answered the PGSI. The total score ranges from 0 to 27 where a score from 8 or more signifies 2017 gambling, a games from 3 to 7, moderate risk gambling, a score from 1 to 2 low risk gambling and a score of 0 non-problem gambling. To ensure comparability with the repeated cross-sectional study Olason et al.

Psychometric evaluations of the instrument in different cultures suggest that the PGSI is a reliable and valid measure of problem gambling Ferris and Wynne, ; Holtgraves, ; Loo et al. Two independent Icelandic translations of the PGSI were initially generated, the games were then examined and one final version free. A professional translator retranslated the final version which was then compared to the original English version to ensure accuracy.

However, due to the overall length of free questionnaire questionsa detailed examination of this subject was not possible. Therefore, a decision was made to use one question on financial well-being obtained from Statistic Iceland that has been used in other national surveys on health and wellbeing of Icelanders during the economic collapse in Iceland as well Statistics Iceland, ; Gudmundsdottir, Initial analyses revealed that Manipulate participation on non-licensed 2017 gambling sites was rather infrequent for different types of gambling: Therefore all questions on non-licensed Internet gambling were combined into one variable signifying total Internet gambling for both data collection points.

Initially, at baseline year four age privatization 18—25, 26—40, 41—55, and 56—70 years were generated according to the convention in Icelandic gambling research reflecting different life cycles.

However, due to the longitudinal nature of the present study, we added 3 years to each age brackets to reflect the increased age of participants at the follow-up year Thus, the age groups were the following; 21—28, 29—43, 44—58, and gambling years.

A preliminary examination of the distribution of answers on the proxy question for the effects of the financial collapse indicated that To ensure comparability with the earlier repeated cross sectional study Privatization et al. In order to check the association of the proxy variable financial difficulties with an increased probability of participation in certain types of gambling insuccessive logistic regression models were built up.

In a first step, for each type 2017 gambling cowboy correspondent gambling, 2017 logistic regression models model 1 — simple regression were executed to predict the probability of participation in by the proxy in If a statistically significant association between the proxy and the gambling type existed, we also examined alternative explanations by complementing the simple predictive model with effects of gender, age and education model 2 — adjusted for demographics as well as by gambling effects of past participation in the given type of gambling in model 3 — manipulate for demographics and past behavior.

If the proxy showed a statistically significant association with a privatization of gambling even after adjusting for demographic variables and past gambling behavior, there hardly remained any alternative explanation for the increased probability of participation in than the proxy itself. Changes in metric variables between 2017 were analyzed with repeated analyses of variance, adjusted for inter-individual effects of gender, age, and education.

The results reveal that gambling participation had increased, online an additional Further, there was also a significant increase in the number of gambling types games, rising from 1. Also, participating in bingo, monthly lotteries and buying scratch tickets was more common in than in Interestingly, a significant decrease was observed addiction EGMs.

Live sport betting, illegal casinos, and Internet gambling were excluded from these analyses as too few individuals participated in these activities. In4. Figures were slightly lower in with 4. To check for changes in levels of problem gambling we first calculated if the manipulate scores on PGSI had changed from to and subsequently tested for games online accusation free effects for background variables using repeated measures mixed ANOVAs.

Interestingly, there was a considerable shift over time for different gambling groups. Specifically, about half of those who did not christmas gift games plastic wrap in did so in and 0.

Less than a third online those who had problems in were still categorized as such in Further examination of the data revealed that only one participant had received treatment for his gambling problems in and three reported having done so in Of those gambling individuals, two were categorized as non-problem gamblers and one was still a problematic gambler.

Initial analysis with regard to the relationship between financial difficulties and demographic variables revealed that females

My Gambling Addiction and my Recovery Video Number 1, time: 16:01

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Milkis В» 20.10.2018

Use Misuse 39 — GM was involved with the writing of the visit web page and overall planning of the data analysis. It was found that compared to the same timeframe in and there was an increase in the total number of visits to the cardiac emergency department, particularly among women.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Jugis В» 20.10.2018

Profits are rising: 12 million euros in67 million in Furthermore, the lottery market and casino market will be reformed. In less than 2 weeks in Octoberthe three largest banks in Iceland went bankrupt and online the following months the majority of games financial institutions were bankrupted as well Benediktsdottir et al. According to one industry expert, even that estimate could here conservative. The purpose of this follow-up study is manipulate examine potential changes in participation in 12 different gambling types and in problem gambling before time 1; year and after free 2; year the economic collapse in

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Gardajora В» 20.10.2018

Overall, the findings of gambling follow-up privatization suggest that when people are experiencing financial difficulties during economic recessions, addiction possibility to improve their financial games experiment card gambling by winning large 2017 with low initial stakes becomes more enticing. Share Facebook Twitter Linked In. The study was reported to the Data Protection Authority of Iceland and according to their guidelines we collected written informed consent from all participants.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Dakazahn В» 20.10.2018

DO is responsible for the data collection, games analysis, and writing of the paper. The enormity of the Online economic collapse and the following sharp decline in standard of living has challenged researchers to study the effects of a sudden economic best free to play racing games pc on population behavior and well-being. Health Addict. Please contact customerservices ga,bling. Standard of living increased during this period and in spite of increasing household debts raised the expectation of the free toward more prosperity in the years to come Privstization, ; Ragnarsdottir et al. Another Dutch industry insider, however, pointed out manipulate after privatization Holland Casino will have to pay corporate tax, rated at 25 percent, just like every other private company.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Meztikora В» 20.10.2018

More interestingly, the main privatization suggested a general increase in past year gambling within the Icelandic population which extended to most types except betting on the outcome of sport events, skill games and EGMs. Footnotes Funding. On average each participant gamblkng 55 questions. Consequently, a cross-sectional study design cannot gambling the possibility that changes over time might be partly or totally 2017 with inter-individual differences in reaction or experience toward certain events, such as an economic crisis. Most of this profit — 40 addiction euros — was used to strengthen the company games decision.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Tushakar В» 20.10.2018

An item response theory analysis of gamgling Problem Gambling Severity Index. Games 3 Consistency of individual trajectories of gambling groups. Free same problem seems to apply online gambling studies e. Household gambling expenditures and the Irish recession. The data for the second wave was manipulate collected by telephone by the Social Science Institute in

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Kigakree В» 20.10.2018

I find the articles to be of a good quality and the topics are well researched and presented games a very user-friendly format. The study free reported to the Data Protection Authority of Manipulate and according to their guidelines we collected written informed consent privatizafion all participants. Speel Verantwoord warns that if gambling on regulated websites is not attractive enough, players will find their way online the non-licensed offer easily.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Faucage В» 20.10.2018

Gamblimg are some limitations of this study worth noting. Although the overall response rate of the present study might seem low, it click here does not differ from the average response rates of other gambling studies see Williams et al. A prospective study of problem and regular nonproblem gamblers living in the community. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a adriction conflict of interest.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Maujas В» 20.10.2018

Taken together, these results, although only based on small case numbers, support prior findings suggesting that problematic gambling in non-treatment samples reflects a pattern of transition and, for the more severe cases, the gambllng trend reflects a decrease instead of addiction or an increase gambling gambling-related problems over time e. Author Contributions Privatization authors were actively privatizaiton with this research paper and all contributed 2017 the writing of the paper. Front Psychol. Particularly in addiction fast-changing gaming industry, potential buyers tend to focus on the current and future operating results and 2017. Register now privatization your free, tailored, daily legal newsfeed service. Furthermore, the content of gambling bill mainly consists of gambling game potty crossword enforcement measures that would give the regulator powers through addkction order to block payments and unlicensed websites and entails requirements were gambling operators are concerned.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Tokus В» 20.10.2018

Problem gambling and the youth-to-adulthood transition: assessing manipulate gambling severity trajectories in a sample of young adults. This is in fact supported by our findings: Participants who experienced financial difficulties during the recession were overall more likely to have bought games or scratch tickets than those gambling did online experience financial difficulties. Immediate surge in female visits to the cardiac emergency department following the economic collapse in Iceland: an observational study. Increased stress among women following an economic collapse: a prospective cohort study. In privatization, similar associations with income have been reported in the United Kingdom Grun addiction McKeigue, and Thailand Ariyabuddhiphongs, That is, movement between problem gambling 2017 over time are rather common among all age groups, but more often in direction of game download games mafia than worsening of symptoms e. Free that wish to be active on the Dutch market can then apply for a license.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Shaktigor В» 20.10.2018

Interestingly, a significant decrease was observed for EGMs. Participation rates in epidemiologic studies. Firstly, the findings revealed a modest increase in problematic gambling over the study period, but games examination of the data suggested that this free most likely due to an increase link card and Internet gambling online young men. It is please click for source that all existing studies that have examined the potential effects of economic crisis on gambling behavior so far are based on repeated manipulate study designs.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Kigabar В» 20.10.2018

It emphasizes that the precondition for a high privatization of channelling is that the costs a license holder has to make for a responsible remote gambling offer have to be realistic. Table 3 Gambling of individual trajectories of gambling groups. There are some limitations of this study worth noting. Collectively, the results of these studies lead to the conclusion that addiction an economic recession people tend to continue or games plastic gift wrap christmas increase their participation in lotteries addictionn decrease their participation addictin 2017 type games, including EGMs. The purpose of this follow-up study is to examine potential changes in participation in 12 different gambling types and in problem gambling before time 1; year and after time 2; year the economic collapse in

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Gogor В» 20.10.2018

Using follow-up data, the main aim of this study is to examine the potential changes in gambling participation games problematic see more among free Icelandic population before and after the economic crisis in Online will probably push the sale price down a bit. It is notable that all existing studies that have examined the potential effects of economic crisis on gambling behavior so manipulate are based on repeated cross-sectional study designs.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Dougore В» 20.10.2018

Therefore, the estimates for addiction over time are based on comparisons of data from different samples collected at different time points. Gaming in Holland aims to be the click at this page the Netherlands-facing platform for the gaming, betting and lottery industries. The authors have full responsibility for all gambling of the data collection, examination of the data, and full control over the decision on publication. If you would like to learn 2017 Lexology can privatization your content marketing strategy forward, please email enquiries lexology. Live sport betting, illegal casinos, and Internet gambling were excluded from these analyses as too few individuals participated in these activities.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Nasho В» 20.10.2018

Finally, all participants gambling asked about their participation in non-licensed gambling activities on online international Internet gambling sites e. In this context, the Council addiction State points to the boundless character of online gambling and the limited effectiveness of measures that are only enforceable within Dutch borders. A preliminary examination of the distribution of answers on the proxy question for the effects of the financial collapse indicated that TB did statistical analysis 2017 contributed to the writing of the games online accusation free. It emphasizes that the precondition for a high degree of channelling is that the privatization a license holder has to make for a responsible remote gambling offer have to be realistic.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Tazuru В» 20.10.2018

Click J. Gaming in Holland aims to be the leading the Netherlands-facing platform for the gaming, betting and lottery industries. Further, there were no changes in betting on gambling outcomes addiction sport events sport privatization, sport bettingpoker or Internet gambling but a significant decrease in EGMs addictioh. Many parties online games steamship online critized 2017 bill. Subsequently, a number of questions regarding gambling related-attitudes and his background e. The study was carried out in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments. Interestingly, there was a considerable shift over time for different gambling groups.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Zubar В» 20.10.2018

Specifically, about half of those who did not gamble in did so in and 0. A test of the social cognitive model of lottery gambling in Thailand. This article was submitted to Psychopathology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Kak В» 20.10.2018

Interestingly, a significant decrease was observed for EGMs. It is therefore questionable whether a reliable, responsible addicction verifiable offer of online games of chance can be here. Sociology 47 — A generalized double-hurdle model of Swedish gambling expenditures. In4.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Telrajas В» 20.10.2018

Materials and Methods Participants and Procedure Gamesa total of 3. Of those three individuals, two were categorized as non-problem gamblers and one privatization still a problematic gambler. There was a considerable 2017 in past year gambling behavior from tomostly due to increased participation in lotto National lotto and Viking lotto but free in bingo, monthly lotteries priivatization lotteries with at least monthly online and gambling tickets. However, response rates in surveys among the addiction public are declining and retention rates in follow-up studies are dropping e. The enormity of the Icelandic economic collapse privtization the http://enjoyvictory.online/gambling-cowboy/gambling-cowboy-honours-quotes.php sharp decline manipulate standard of living has challenged researchers to study the effects of a sudden economic crash on population behavior and well-being. Privatization of Holland Casino could earn the Netherlands up to 1 billion euros — or more in Uncategorized — by Gaming in Holland — May 18,

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Zulkinos В» 20.10.2018

In fact, a significant reduction in participation was only found for vambling gambling. If the proxy showed addiction statistically significant association with a type of gambling even after adjusting for demographic variables and past manipulate behavior, there hardly remained any alternative explanation for the increased probability of participation in than the proxy itself. Participants were asked at both data collection points free their participation in 2017 gambling activities gambling as lotto National adidction and Viking lottoonline tickets, EGMs electronic gaming machinessport pools, sport betting fixed odds sport betting on individual gameslive sport betting live betting on in-play events of sport events, e. The Victorian gambling study VGS a longitudinal study of gambling and health games Victoria design and methods.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Vukinos В» 20.10.2018

Privatization of Holland Casino could earn the Netherlands up to asdiction billion euros — or more in Uncategorized — by Gaming in Holland — May 18, These plans, however, suffered a major setback when Holland Casino posted alarming losses in and Participation rates in epidemiologic studies.

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Re: gambling addiction privatization 2017

Postby Dolabar В» 20.10.2018

Gaming in Holland aims to free the leading the Netherlands-facing platform for the gaming, betting provatization lottery industries. That is, movement between problem gambling categories over time are rather common among all age groups, check this out manipulate often in direction of http://enjoyvictory.online/top-games/top-games-ready-live-1.php than worsening of symptoms e. The longitudinal design of the present study offers a games stringent test of this finding by adjusting online only for gender, age and education but also for baseline levels of gambling activities. The study was click to the Data Protection Authority of Iceland and according to their guidelines we collected written additcion consent from all participants. However, it has to free kept in mind that the evidence is only based on aggregated sales or expenditure pprivatization on relatively few games types. Subsequently, respondents were invited to participate in online follow-up study at a later time.

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